Endodontics is a branch dealing with the treatment of root canals in teeth. Root canal treatment is required if the living tissue (pulp, vascular and nerve bundle) inside the tooth is infected or necrosis (lost its vitality). With the successful application of root canal treatment, the tooth can remain in the mouth for many years and even for a lifetime.
Root canal treatment:
The living tissue in the tooth is in an open canal system. The nerves that pass through the tooth and open out from the root tip are opened from other surfaces of the root to the jawbone, to the gums and sometimes to the mouth, thanks to the small canals in the hard tissues above it. The treatment of infection that may occur in the vascular nervous system must be done very carefully and well, and the root canal must be filled with impermeability. Root canal treatment, which used to last at least a few sessions, can now be performed in a single session with the development of tools used in oral and dental care treatments, and complications after treatment are reduced. With root canal treatments with these new instruments, infected residues that may remain in the canal and tissue residues that may affect the success of the treatment, such as nerves, are also cleaned.
Root canal treatment is the last intervention to save a tooth. Depending on the condition of the tooth and the patient and the nature of the treatment, the root canal treated tooth can remain in the mouth for years. However, within a period of 2 years, color changes and bruising are observed in the tooth. If the root canal treatment is not given to the normal teeth, caries will occur.
Stages of root canal treatment;
- First of all, the tooth is anesthetized for a painless and painless treatment.
- Then, when the caries is cleaned and the core of the tooth is reached, the diseased and soft tissue is removed. Nerve and tissue residues are cleaned.
- The tooth canal is shaped up to the root tip. If necessary, the recovery can be accelerated by administering some medications.
- Between sessions, the tooth is covered with temporary filling materials until the tooth heals. After it is understood that the growth of the inflammation has stopped and the inflammation from the root end is over, the canal is filled with a special filling material up to the root tip.
- In some cases, these sessions are not needed at all, and it is possible to complete the root canal treatment in a single session in a healthy way.