The two most important diseases in oral and dental health are dental caries and gingivitis. Gum diseases can sometimes have an effect that progresses to the melting of the jawbone where the tooth socket is located.
Deterioration of dental health can also affect other organs in the body. Teeth can become a constant focus of infection, which negatively affects almost all systems, and the heart, kidney, joints, etc. It can be a source of infections that can cause important health problems in structures.
The absence of any structural and functional disorders in the mouth and teeth, and the ability of the mouth and teeth to fully perform their duties indicate the presence of oral and dental health.
Dental Diseases In order,
- Dental caries
- Gum diseases
- Tooth alignment and closure disorders
- Oral cancers
Periodontal diseases are inflammatory diseases that affect the gums and other tissues that support the teeth. Periodontal diseases are responsible for 70% of tooth loss in adults. These diseases can be treated easily and successfully when diagnosed at an early stage. Prevention or treatment of gum disease; It also brings other benefits such as the protection of natural teeth, more comfortable chewing, and better digestion. Periodontal diseases begin with gingivitis. In other words, gingivitis is the early period of periodontal disease. During this period, the gums are bleeding, red and enlarged in volume. It may not cause much discomfort in the early period. If left untreated, the disease may progress to periodontitis and cause irreversible damage to the gingiva and alveolar bone that supports the teeth.
The most common cause of gum disease is the bacterial layer on the teeth, which is gray-yellowish and manifests itself with tartar.
Besides the bacterial plaque, which is the main factor; Diseases that affect the defense system such as smoking, leukemia, AIDS, and conditions that cause changes in hormonal status such as diabetes or pregnancy are also cases where the frequency and severity of dental diseases increase.
Symptoms of gum disease
- Red, swollen, shiny gums
- Bleeding while brushing teeth
- Persistent bad breath
- Separation of gums from teeth
- Inflammation (pus) between the gums and teeth
- Shaking and separation of teeth